IWRM

Integrated Water Resources Management

Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) has been adopted by the Government of Rwanda as its overall approach to water resources management.

IWRM is a process which promotes the coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources in order to maximise economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems. IWRM is not an end point, but a continuous process of participation, learning and adaptation.

The IWRM framework consists of three pillars (the Three Es):

  1. Economic efficiency in water use
  2. Equity
  3. Environmental and ecological sustainability

The IWRM challenge is to integrate these three Es, focusing on key areas that affect how water resources are managed: the enabling environment, the institutional framework, and management roles.

There is no blue-print IWRM system. It must be tailored to each institutional environment and local development context.

The IWRM approach focuses on the following elements:

    • Enabling environment:
        Regulatory framework
        Policies and plans
       • Sector funding

    • Institutional framework:
       • Organisations and their capacity (management capacity; technical capacity)

    • Management instruments:
       • 
Planning framework for IWRM
       • Implementation of structural interventions
       • Knowledge base
       • Disaster risk management
       • Interagency coordination mechanisms
       • Social development and safeguards
       • Environmental safeguards

Please refer to the Rwanda Water Portal for more information on Rwanda’s water resources.

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