The lead agency governing water resource management is the Ministry of Natural Resources (MINIRENA), which is in charge of developing the policies and regulations that guide the sector.
At the national level, MINIRENA has delegated the responsibility for implementing IWRM activities to the Rwanda National Resources Authority (RNRA) and in particular to the Department of Integrated Water Resource Management, headed by the Deputy Director General.
Two national water committees have been established by law, the National Water Consultative Commission (NWCC) and the Water Inter-ministerial Committee (WIC). The NWCC provides advice on major projects and, in general, on any water-related issue if the Minister requests it to do so. The WIC has a more technical and pragmatic orientation, providing advice to the NWCC on draft water legislation, draft national water resources plans and all matters relating to water resources of national, regional or international relevance.
The Water Law has also dictated the establishment of a Rwanda Water Authority (RWA), however the powers, responsibilities, organisation and functioning of this authority are yet to be determined.
At the basin level, (district) basin committees are responsible for the preparation of draft river basin development and management plans, the delimitation of sub-basins within the basins, the identification of aquifers that should undergo IWRM, the settlement of disputes within the basins, and the provision of advice on the technical issues submitted to them by the administration.
Finally, the Water Law also provides for the establishment of Local Water Associations, to be composed of local stakeholders “who have a role in the exploitation of rivers, streams and lakes”.