Water policy in Rwanda is led by five key documents:
The Water Law of 2008 puts in place regulations for the use, conservation, protection and management of water resources. It defines ‘water’ as a good belonging to the state public domain, recognising the right to water for all. The Water Law provides a clear framework for the principles of integrated water resources management, including the prevention of pollution, and the principles of ‘user pays’ and ‘polluter pays’, as well as the principle of users’ associations for the administrative management of water.
The National Water Resources Master Plan (NWRMP) was adopted in 2015 and is an important step on the road to integrated water resources management. The NWRMP has identified nine national catchments, available water resources and water-needs projections as well as specific issues facing the sector.